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Through the analysis of the traditional computer system integration, it is concluded that the traditional computer system integration has been unable to meet the demand of the market, must explore the new trend of computer system integration, in this paper, the development trend of the computer system integration has carried on the related discussion. With the continuous development of modern society, all walks of life are also the need of modernization. A growing number of unit is an urgent need to establish an advanced computer information system. Due to the different unit has its own unique characteristics. Therefore, we need to computer system of the myriad changes. Medical units from the system of government management system, from the factory production management system, the securities market management system. Between different systems are various. System integration application of functional integration, network integration, integrated technology such as software interface integration means, is the overall planning of guidance information system, gradually achieve a kind of method and strategy. System integration is a kind of thought, concept, philosophy, it not only includes technology integration, more cannot lack art component integration.
1, the characteristics of the computer system integration
1.1 the computer system integration related knowledge
System integration based on integrated structured cabling system and computer network technology, will be independent and separate equipment, function, information integration to about a certain correlation between each other, but in the new system of harmonious and unified, can fully Shared resources, in order to achieve high efficiency, centralized and convenient management strategy.
System integration is a need to multiple vendors, all kinds of application system structure of multi-protocol, therefore, to realize system integration is the key to solve the problem of the interoperability of different systems to connect, dedicated to solve all kinds of separation equipment, the interfaces between subsystems, protocol, system platform, application, and system, organization and management, building environment, construction personnel, all of the required integration problems. For the optimization design of the system integration is the essence of the system, for a large computer network integration system, including a pair of computer software, hardware, operating system, database, network communications, and other technology integration, and the manufacturer's product selection and collocation of integration, integrated system can achieve the overall optimization.
1.2 the characteristics of the computer system integration
(1) there is no best, only the most suitable for: computer system integration is not like other products, users are hoping to have the best.
(2) original: due to the computer system integration project is according to the characteristics and needs of the users in their respective and tailored, so each is different, computer system integration and engineering has the originality.
(3) technology: computer system integration is not only to provide a device that is more on the equipment design, development, and debugging, need a lot of technology that can be done.
System integration has the largest extent, improve the system of organic combination, integrity, flexibility and performance, and its complexity is simplified, has to provide users with comprehensive, practical and feasible system solutions are of important theoretical and practical significance.
2, the classification of computer system integration
According to the characteristic of the computer system integration projects, can put the computer system integrated into the computer hardware system overall design and project management services, computer hardware equipment integration and installation of computer hardware equipment, technology and services three categories. Under the management of these three project implementation briefly the definition of classification.
2.1 the overall design and project management
Computer hardware system design and project management services, can also be referred to as the overall design and project management, this basically is the buyer will correct computer hardware system integration project. In general, the computer system integration project of structure design of the buyer as well as the performance index, particle size distribution have a certain understanding. This kind of project implementation requirements related service providers to design computer systems in various fields, it can cover most of the computer system, at the same time, the requirements of relevant technical personnel professional level is high.
2.2 equipment integration installation
Integration and installation of computer hardware equipment can also be called one of the equipment installation. Integration and installation of computer hardware equipment is one of the most common computer systems integration projects, but most consumers of computer hardware that are widely used in the system of project construction mode. In computer systems integration projects of hardware construction, integration and installation requirements the buyer should undertake a comprehensive range of computer system integration framework and equipment performance management qualitative selection argument. In simple terms, related equipment suppliers, as long as according to the standard implementation of the contract equipment suppliers of computer system integration projects, purchasing and installation.
2.3 technical services
Computer hardware technology and services can also be referred to as the engineering and technical services. In view of this type of project, its mainly by its technology and services as the main content of system integration of computer hardware system of construction project. Equipment technical service is usually in a particular service indicators and technical requirements for the main purpose. Making technology and hardware equipment by the buyer, provide the corresponding technical service training support. The implementation of such projects need relevant technical solutions and technology combined with effective argument.
3, computer system integration of the existing problems
3.1 the management problems of microcomputer system and tools software
Because the current computer systems and software tools is larger, if a device problem, need to reinstall the operating system and application software, and usually require the system to work for a day. As a result, a huge number of access to the Internet computer system maintenance personnel the toes, and it is difficult to guarantee the quality of service.
3.2 user management issues
Users are limited in a fixed on the machine, at the same time, the user's data and documents also can keep on the machine. If you want to use other machines, must be on each machine to create the user accounts, and the user's file and the data is copied to the new machine. When a user use fixed machine failure occurs, easy to cause the loss of user data.
3.3 Landmark and other professional application software
In front of the computer system integration, need to be explained in each workstation installation professional application software, and create a user, the user in the specified load data of the machine, in order to work. As a result, users and data is tied with the machine. In some cases, as a result, the machine work at full capacity, the machine is relatively idle.
3.4 peripheral sharing problem
Due to color plotter and color laser printer, tape recorders and other large peripheral expensive price, quantity is limited, can't be configured on each machine, the user can only be logged in to use fixed a few machine.
4, the development trend of computer system integration
Widely integrated distributed network environment and the global competitive market, every enterprise integration center also extends to the integration of enterprises, make the enterprise applications in a distributed network environment of large integrated. The web based user interface is unified, make people in different departments and regions, organization, all users to achieve convenient, real-time access to information, therefore, the site of the unity of the user interface is the inevitable trend, computer system integration.
Specialized and diversified system integration technology, the popularization and application of computer in China, to a great extent, improving national quality, more and more challenges and opportunities. Today's society is a network and information technology integration, system integration model is no longer a simple structure, single function, but based on the network structure of the complex and multifunctional transformation. Therefore, specialization and diversification is an inevitable trend in the development of system integration technology, computer system integration. E-commerce and enterprise information system integration, make the organic combination of enterprise supply chain, the realization of the sharing of information and resources to fully for enterprises to reduce costs, improve efficiency, e-commerce can be said to win the support of the general public, and the enterprise information system integration has become a necessity.
Using today's advanced domain management technology, network technology, storage technology, the development of the research main computer software and hardware platform for the system integration, set up a domain controller, remote installation server, file server, software distribution, NIS + server, database server, print server, tape recorders and so on more than 10 sets of application server, realizes the remote operating system, application software installation automatic distribution, online roaming user data with user, user data, centralized management application software, automatic tape library system, remote data backup, etc. System integration management system has been enhanced while the technical difficulty, but greatly made the user's work, at the same time maximize the realization of the network resources sharing.